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At the same time of the emergence of Kanawha Salines, projects to connect the east with the west by improvements of the James River and Kanawha Canal / Turnpike (The Waterway to the West) met with varying degrees of success. The Kanawha Valley was the source of natural resources that besides salt included timber and coal, used in salt production and by mid century was the major industry in the area. These resources near the Kanawha River became an area of commerce for the river industry(4). River improvement and steam technology applied to boats allowed for significant movements of goods and people in comparison to earlier times. Steamboat transportation was so important on both the Kanawha and Ohio Rivers for both travel and commerce that newspapers regularly reported river conditions and boat schedules.
HOLDINGS: The seven volumes in the Kanawha River Steamboat Ledgers and Logbooks Collection were purchased in one lot at auction. They are associated with transportation on the Kanawha River of the rich supply of coal and salt. These volumes spanning over fifty years bear witness to the active role Kanawha River steamboats and the people working on them took, and as reported in a November 6, 1915 article in The Waterways Journal this role continued into the 20th century: There were 17 steamboats and four showboats in sight at one time at the mouth of the Kanawha River*."
ACCESS: This is Special Collection P-21. Some of the collection may be photocopied, digitally scanned, or photographed, depending on condition.
Chronological Range of Volumes
Coal Company Ledger Book
December 25, 1833 - March 5, 1834
Str. Daniel Webster (1829) Account Book
April 23, 1851 - October 4, 1851
Before March 29, 1853 - August 13, 1875
Str. Aurilla Wood (1852) Cabin Register and John F. Hubbard Entry
February 6, 1863 - February 22, 1886
Kanawha Salt Association Shipping and Salt Production Book
February 13, 1888 - August 23, 1888
Str. Rozelle (1878) Freight Book
1. Sutphin, Gerald W. and Richard A. Andre, Sternwheelers on the Great Kanawha River, 2.
2. Johnson, Leland R. An Illustrated History of the Huntington District U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 1754-1974, 54.
3. Stealey, John E. The Antebellum Kanawha Salt Business and Western Markets, 1.
4. Sutphin and Andre, Sternwheelers on the Great Kanawha River, 13.
Bates, Alan L. "A Genuine Kanawha River Snake," The Waterways Journal, March 14, 2005, p. 22.
Hale, John P. History of the Great Kanawha Valley. Gauley Bridge, WV, 1994.
Harris, V.B. Great Kanawha: A Historical Outline. Charleston, WV: Harris, 1976.
Johnson, Leland R. An Illustrated History of the Huntington District U.S. Army Corps of Engineers 1754 - 1974. [Huntington, WV: Dept. of Defense, Dept. of the Army, Corps of Engineers, Huntington District], 1977
Kemp, Emory Leland. The Great Kanawha Navigation Pittsburgh, Pa.: University of Pittsburgh Press, 2000.
Stealey, John E. The Antebellum Kanawha Salt Business and Western Markets. Lexington, KY : University Press of Kentucky, 1993.
Sutphin, Gerald W. and Richard Andre. Sternwheelers on the Great Kanawha River. Charleston, WV : Pictorial Histories Pub. Co., 1991