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The Public Service Desk has copies of the latest editions of several major style manuals, including the APA, MLA and Chicago guides.
If you are using Summon or one of the databases, many of them have citation help and suggested formatting built-in. See the Citation Formatting for EbscoHOST Databases, ProQuest Databases, and SCOPUS and Searching Summon guides for help, or ask a librarian.
With all these tools, check the suggested formatting for things like capitalization and punctuation. Many database citations still need minor corrections to comply with the style requirements.
The following sites are good citation resources.
- OWL (Purdue University) Research and Citation Resources
- Knight Cite (Calvin College) Build citations in APA, MLA, and Chicago styles
- Chicago Manual of Style (Quick Guide)
- The American Anthropological Association no longer produces the AAA Style Guide. They recommend the use of the Chicago Manual of Style (Author-Date) style (see link above).
- Scientific Style and Format (Quick Guide)
- Citation (Duke University)
- Citation (Long Island University)
- Citing Medicine: The NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers, 2nd edition
- ICMJE: Preparing a Manuscript for Submission to a Biomedical Journal
You may also find this UMSL Libraries tutorial on Interpreting Citations helpful.
There are many different software packages designed to help manage your citations. Here are a few suggestions:
- EndNote Basic is a web-only version of the full EndNote manager and is free for campus users after you create an account.
- Zotero is open source software available as a standalone application or browser plug-in.
- RefWorks (formerly Flow) from ProQuest. Flow users can use their existing logins with the new RefWorks.
- If you primarily work with EBSCO's EBSCOhost databases, try their Folders system. However, it does not work as well for managing EBSCO resources.
- also has some basic tools to manage citations within a paper:
Remember to backup your paper, including the citations, especially when working on large projects. If you are working on large, long-term projects, you may wish to consider using a standalone reference manager instead of a free web-based product.
For technical support, contact the developers. The Libraries cannot provide technical support for these products.
Mathematics and Writing Academic Center (Room 222 SSB)additional services.